DES MOINES – Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Bill Northey today commented on the Iowa Crops and Weather report released by the USDA National Agricultural Statistical Service. The report is released weekly from April through October.
“Harvest continues to advance rapidly as farmers work to get corn and beans out before crop conditions deteriorate,” Northey said. “The weather has been ideal for harvest and has allowed farmers to make significant progress.”
The weekly report is also available on the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship’s website at www.IowaAgriculture.gov
Iowa experienced little rain during the week resulting in ideal harvest conditions for farmers as progress remains ahead of normal according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Iowa Field Office. Over one-third of the state’s corn is harvested with a few farmers already completing their harvest. Farmers in northwest Iowa harvested almost one-third of their soybean crop during the week.
There were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork statewide during the past week. Topsoil moisture level declined to 54 percent very short, 36 percent short, 10 percent adequate, and 0 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture declined slightly and is now rated 68 percent very short, 27 percent short, 5 percent adequate, and 0 percent surplus.
Ninety-six percent of the corn crop is now mature, ahead of last year’s 74 percent and the five year average of 62 percent. Thirty-seven percent of the corn crop has been harvested for grain or seed, over three weeks ahead of normal. Moisture content of all corn in the field is estimated at 21 percent while the moisture content of corn being harvested is estimated at 18 percent. Corn lodging is rated at 52 percent none, 29 percent light, 13 percent moderate, and 6 percent heavy. Ear droppage is rated at 67 percent none, 21 percent light, 10 percent moderate, and 2 percent heavy. Corn condition declined slightly and is now rated at 21 percent very poor, 29 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 17 percent good, and 1 percent excellent. Ninety-five percent of the soybean crop is turning color, ahead of last year’s 89 percent and the five year average of 90 percent. Seventy-eight percent of Iowa’s soybean fields are dropping leaves, a 24 percentage point increase from last week. Twenty-three percent of the state’s soybean crop has been harvested, over a week ahead of normal. Soybean lodging is rated at 77 percent none, 18 percent light, 5 percent moderate, and 0 percent heavy. Soybean shattering is rated at 70 percent none, 17 percent light, 12 percent moderate, and 1 percent heavy. Soybean condition is rated at 13 percent very poor, 21 percent poor, 40 percent fair, 24 percent good, and 2 percent excellent.
Twenty-six of Iowa’s pasture and range land is rated in fair or better condition, a slight decrease from last week. Pasture and range condition is rated at 47 percent very poor, 27 percent poor, 21 percent fair, 5 percent good, and 0 percent excellent. Livestock fared well with the seasonable temperatures experienced this week.