DES MOINES – Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Bill Northey today commented on the Iowa Crops and Weather report released by the USDA National Agricultural Statistical Service. The report is released weekly from April through October.
“Although many farmers are finished, we have over one billion dollars of crops still to be harvested,” said Northey. “We are hopeful the rest of the crops will come out in the same good condition as those already harvested.”
The weekly report is also available on the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship’s website at www.IowaAgriculture.gov
Widespread rain during the week briefly delayed harvest for Iowa’s farmers, but progress remains ahead of normal pace. Even without a whole week to operate in fields, soybean harvest in northwest and north central Iowa were virtually complete according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Iowa Field Office. Producers who are done with harvest have been tilling fields and applying manure during the week.
There were 4.5 days suitable for fieldwork statewide during the past week. Topsoil moisture levels improved to 31 percent very short, 38 percent short, 29 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture improved and is now rated 60 percent very short, 34 percent short, 6 percent adequate, and 0 percent surplus. Grain movement slowed a bit, with 31 percent of the State seeing moderate to heavy grain movement from farm to elevator. As the harvest season nears completion, 98 percent of the State reported adequate or surplus off-farm storage capacity and 96 percent of the State reported adequate or surplus on-farm storage capacity.
Ninety-three percent of the corn crop has been harvested for grain or seed, one month ahead of normal. Last year at this time, only 64 percent of Iowa’s corn crop had been harvested. Ninety-six percent of the State’s soybean crop has been harvested, almost three weeks ahead of normal.
Only 27 percent of Iowa’s pasture and range land is rated in fair or better condition, a five percentage point increase from last week. Pasture and range condition is rated at 47 percent very poor, 26 percent poor, 22 percent fair, 5 percent good, and 0 percent excellent. Hay supplies are considered short across 42 percent of Iowa with 39 percent of the hay supply considered in good condition. Livestock conditions are normal. No health problems have been reported.